An Extraction is the removal of a tooth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including when tooth decay has destroyed the tooth enough that the tooth can no longer be restored. Extractions can seem to be scary and traumatic but I believe with the right dentist the process is not as bad as it sounds. Yes you will be losing a tooth and nobody wants to lose a tooth. The reality is that the tooth is already lost. It can no longer be restored. Having the tooth Extracted is the first step to a healthy beautiful smile.
Some reasons or an Extraction are:
1. Severe tooth decay or infection. This is one of the most common reasons or a tooth extraction.
2. Severe gum disease which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.
3. Extra teeth which are blocking other teeth from coming in.
4. Preparation for orthodontic treatment such as braces.
There are plenty more reasons for a tooth extraction. Above are just a few of the main reasons your dentist may recommend this procedure.
Types of Extractions
There are two types of extractions, Simple and surgical.
Simple extractions are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, usually under local anesthetic, and require only the use of instruments to elevate or grasp the visible portion of the tooth. With some tugging and rocking back and forth the tooth becomes loose and comes out with not much trouble at all.
Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully. Surgical extractions almost always require an incision. In a surgical extraction the doctor may elevate the soft tissues covering the tooth and bone and may also remove some of the overlying and/or surrounding jawbone tissue with a drill or osteotome. Frequently, the tooth may be split into multiple pieces to facilitate its removal. Surgical extractions are usually performed under a general anesthetic.
Healing after an extraction
Following extraction of a tooth, a blood clot forms in the socket, usually within an hour. Bleeding is common in this first hour, but its likelihood decreases quickly as time passes, and bleeding has usually stopped after 24 hours. The raw open wound overlying the dental socket takes about one week to heal. Thereafter, the socket will gradually fill in with soft gum tissue over a period of about one to two months. You may also experience some pain and discomfort but is usually not very bad. Discuss with your dentist your options for pain reliever.
Complications following an extraction
There is the possibility of complications after an extraction is done. Some of the most common are:
1. Infection: The dentists may decide to prescribe antibiotics before or after an extraction if they determine the patient is at risk for an infection.
2. Prolonged bleeding: The dentist has a variety of means at their disposal to address bleeding; however, it is important to note that small amounts of blood mixed in the saliva after extractions are normal, even up to 72 hours after extraction. Usually, however, bleeding will almost completely stop within eight hours of the surgery, with only minimal amounts of blood mixed with saliva coming from the wound. A gauze compress will significantly reduce bleeding over a period of a few hours.
3. Swelling: It is not uncommon to experience some swelling after an Extraction. Often dictated by the amount of surgery performed to extract a tooth
4. Dry socket: is a painful phenomenon that most commonly occurs a few days following the removal of lower wisdom teeth. It is commonly believed that it occurs because the blood clot within the healing tooth extraction site is disrupted. Inflamed alveolar bone, unprotected and exposed to the oral environment after tooth extraction, can become packed with food and debris. A dry socket typically causes a sharp and sudden increase in pain commencing 2–5 days following the extraction of a lower molar, most commonly the third molar. This is often extremely unpleasant for the patient; the only symptom of dry socket is pain, which often radiates up and down the head and neck. A dry socket is not an infection, and is not directly associated with swelling because it occurs entirely within the bone. Because dry socket is not an infection, the use of antibiotics has no effect. The risk factor for dry socket can dramatically increase with smoking after an extraction.
These are just a few explanations of some complications that can occur. Most patients don’t have any issues at all after an extraction. Your dentist will most likely give you post-extraction instructions. Make sure to follow these instructions carefully.
Cost for an Extraction
In the USA, Extractions usually go for around $180 to $300 depending on what type of extraction is needed. In Tijuana Mexico Extractions cost about $60 to $100 but again this is depending on the type needed.
Call Dr. Mexico – Tijuana Dentist Center today!